Yazd city, the capital of Yazd provinces, is located in a big valley between Shirkuh Mountain Rang, Kharangah Mountain, and has a dry and desert climate. The temperature changes sharply during the summer and winter in day and night. Yazd has a warm-season starting from March until September and a short winter starting from October until February.
The city has a history of over 3,000 years, dating back to the Median Empire when it was known as Ysatis (or Isatis).
Because of its remote desert location, Yazd remained immune to big battles and war consequences. For instance, it was a haven for those fleeing from destruction in other parts of Persia during the invasion of Genghis Khan. Marco Polo visited Yazd in 1272 and speaks highly about the city’s fine silk-weaving industry. Yazd briefly served as the capital of the Muzaffarid Dynasty during the 14th century. Under Safavid rule in the 16th century, some people migrated from Yazd and settled in an area as Yazdi at Farah town, Farah Provinces, in Afghanistan. Even today, the Yazdis Farah town speaks with an accent very similar to the citizens of Yazd. According to historians, the city was built by Yazdegerd, the first of the Sassanid Empire. The term ‘Yazd’ stems from ‘yazesh,’ which means adoration and prayer in Old Persian.
Dowlatabad Orchard was constructed in the year 1747 and contains an octagonal building, a tall wind trap, several lovely halls, and two portals. The orchard is irrigated by Dowlatabad qanat and the elevation of the wind trap is 33 meters.
Amir Kabir mosque (Yazd Jameh mosque) was constructed during the 14th century over the ruins of an older mosque which some historians believe to have been a Sassanid fire temple. The doom of the mosque is a masterpiece in beauty. The attar is made of a single marble slab that is unique in workmanship.
A qanāt is a gently sloping underground channel designed to transport water from an aquifer or water well to the surface for irrigation and drinking. This is an old system of water supply from a deep well with a series of vertical access shafts. The qanāts still create a reliable supply of water for human settlements and irrigation in hot, arid and semi-arid climates. The qanāt technology was developed in ancient Iran by the Persian people sometime in the early first millennium BC and spread from there slowly westward and eastward. The eleven qanāts representing this system include rest areas for workers, water reservoirs and watermills. The traditional communal management system still in place allows equitable and sustainable water sharing and distribution. The qanāts are an exceptional testimony to cultural traditions and civilizations in desert areas with an arid climate.