Damavand Mountain

All You Need to Know about Iran Mountain Climbing

Did you know that Iran is covered with 55% of mountains and mountain plateaus? The mountains can be divided into four areas, such as Alborz, Zagros, Central Iran, and the East of Iran.

So let me tell you if you are a mountain climber or interested in climbing mountains, then Iran mountain climbing is your place and the best destination.

Iran has many pure white mountains in the winters, fit for skiing. They are covered with beautiful different flowers and plants that leave the climbers and trekkers stupefying in summers.

Follow us to know what we have in store for you regarding Iran’s mountains, especially the highest peak, Damavand.


For more informtion about Iran, we’ve highly recommended read Iran travel guide blog post.


Damavand Mountain


Does Iran Have any Mountains?


½ mountains as one part and ¼ deserts and ¼ fertile plains on the other part have divided Iran into four parts.

Alborz and Zagros are the primary and significant ranges of the mountains in Iran, functioning as walls that block the meteorological phenomena from entering central Iran.

Iran has more than ten mountains. Some are:

Mount Tochal

Damavand Mountain

Mountain of Tabriz

Sofe Mountain

Jashal Salt Dome

The mountain of Shirkooh

Eynali Mount

Sheytan Kooh

Mount Derak


Eagle Mountain and so on.

Iran is a rich country when it comes to the mountains, and if you have doubts about where to visit next for mountain climbing, then Iran will be a perfect option.


What are the Best Iran’s Climbing Destinations?

Mountain climbing in Iran is one of the most joyful activities that you can do.

The mountains’ beauty speaks to the climbers, so they don’t think about the dangers and the risks.

The mountains are homes for the climbers and if you are a climber as well, then be with us till we tell you all about the mountain climbing destinations in Iran.


Mount Damavand

This mountain has an elevation of 5,609.2 m and is ranked 12th.

Like the Fujiyama mountain in Japan, the Damavand is a snow-covered peak and cherished by the mountain lovers and climbers.

This particular mountain is significant in the mythology of Iran. The mount Damavand was erupted first in about 1.78 million years ago. The last eruption was around 5300 BC in the Holocene.

The Damavand Mountain is located in the Mazandaran province and has an altitude of 5610 m, based on Iranian National Statistics.

Climbing this great mountain has been the desire and dream of many climbers and hikers around the world. In Iran, trekking and hiking have become a trend now, and many tourists travel to Iran for this purpose.

The best weather to travel to the mountains for trekking is in July and August. After these months, from August to September, the paths are drier and might face sudden climate changes.


mount sabalan


Mount Sabalan

The mount Sabalan, being the third highest mountain in Iran, has a height of 4811 m, right after Damavand and Alamukh.

The mountain Sabalan is located in the province of the Ardabil in the Northwest part of Iran. Moderate fitness is required to climb and reach the usual route to the summit.

The travelers visit the mount Sabalan because of the mineral waters that come from the springs. There is a crater lake located at the peak of this mountain, and it is the highest lake that contains sweet water in the world. The surface of this mountain has rocks of different sizes. The lake on top of the mountain is frozen except for four weeks in July until early August.

Mount Sabalan offers its climbers man attractions, especially on the slopes of it. There are a ski resort and many different tourist resorts in mount Sabalan. There are beautiful vistas in the mountain that include the Shirvan gorge, which has been ventured by few climbers only.

The climbing season of the Sabalan is June to late August. To the microclimate produced by this mountain, Ardabil stays pleasant and calm even in the summers.

Mount Sahand

Mount Sahand

Mount Sahand has an elevation of about 4,848 m, and it is an eroded volcano located in the East Azerbaijan Province.

In Iranian Azerbaijan, mount Sahand is considered the highest mountain and the third of the great volcanoes in the volcano of the Eastern Anatolia.

Apart from being a good option for hiking and climbing, this mountain is an excellent choice for the skiers during the ski season. The ski resort of the Sahand mountain is located in the North of the Sahand mountain. It is just about 40 km away from the city of Tabriz.

The best time for the climbing purpose is the month of March and April when the entire mountain is covered with beautiful flowers and leaves the climbers speechless with their beauty.

To go to the Sahand Mountain, the climbers need to first go to the Maragheh. The cost of traveling from Tehran to Maragheh is about 10 USD per person via taxi.

The climbing should start early in the morning, around 5 am, and right after 4 hours, the climbers will reach the top of the mountain.

The climb is not challenging, and it is merely fun.

Bisotun Mountain   

Bisotun Mountain

The Bisotun mountain is also known as the Behistun mountain, and it is located in the province of Kermanshah.

The formation of the rocks of this mountain is vertical, and it is known for the vast rocks it has. The first wall of the Bisotun was made first in the year 1969.

The Bisotun mountain is a famous and well-known mountain for international festivals of rock climbing. A trip to this mountain will give a different experience to the climbers because of the structure and the type of stones that will be seen found there.

The mountain Bisotun is a mountain for climbing. Still, it is a heritage site for the world and even a historic attraction. The largest and most famous inscription of the Dariush I is carved and created here, and about these great mountains, even the writings and some poems speak.

Two targets, one shot! You will visit the mountain for climbing purposes, and even at the same time, you will see the historical sites.

Zard Kuh iran

Zard Kuh or the Yellow mountain

Mount Zard Kuh has an elevation of approximately 4,548 m and 2,095 prominences.

This mountain is a sub-range situated in the mid-range of the Zagros mountain. These mountains are in the province of the Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari. The highest peak of this mountain is the Kolunchin, and it stands at 4,221 meters.

The Zard means yellow, and this mountain is called Zard Kuh because of the yellow dirt that sits on this mountain.

Other natural and beautiful attractions are present around the Zard Kuh, such as the Kuhrang lake. Suppose you are lucky to visit this place during summers. In that case, you will have an excellent opportunity to visit the nomadic tribe of the Bakhtiari. They migrate and reside here during summers.

You can visit this mountain for skiing and enjoy your trip to the Zard Kuh mountain in winter.

Alam Kuh Mountain

Alam Kuh Mountain

Alam Kuh mountain has an elevation of 4,848 m. It is another mountain in the Alborz mountain range located in the district of Mazandaran.

Amon the hikers and climbers, this mountain has gained popularity just like the Damavand mountain. It became a tourist attraction spot for all.

Alam Kuh mountain has been considered as one of the most challenging summits in Iran. This particular mountain’s reputation is because of the wall that is located on the slopes of the North, and it has a challenging and very technical path to climb.

The best time to travel to this mountain is between June to October. In summers, mount Alam Kuh is ideal for climbing, hiking, and camping. In the winter, climbing the hill is very dangerous, and the routes are very hard.


What is the Highest Mountain in Iran?

The highest mountain in Iran is Mount Damavand. Mount Damavand is also the highest volcanic peak in Asia and ranks as the world’s 19th tallest peak. Amazing right?

This mountain is located on the northern side of Iran in the central part of Mount Alborz. It is located south of the Caspian Sea.

The Damavand mountain is visible from the capital, Tehran. One can see it from Qom, Varamin, and the Caspian Sea beach, if the weather is not foggy or, as we can say, polluted.

In the 4th geological period, which was the Holocene period, this mountain was formed. Today, the volcanic activity of the Damavand mountain is very limited to the sublimation of sulfur gases.

Many plants grow in the different slopes and heights of the Damavand. There are many native animals as the area has a particular location. It is surrounded by forest from the North and to a desert towards the south of it.

Mount Damavand is considered and registered as a national heritage, and many climbers visit the mountain every year.

The 4th of July is celebrated as a Damavand Celebration day every year.


Where is Mount Damavand?

The mount Damavand is located in the middle of the Alborz range adjacent to the Sesang and Gol-e Zard.

This mountain is near the Caspian Sea coast in the south, in Amol country, the province of Mazandaran, which is located 66km northeast of Iran, Tehran.

Getting to the Damavand mountain from the Imam Khomeini International Airport in Tehran will take a little more than two hours via the routes 7 and 77.

You will find shuttles that go on these two routes, and there will be a guide usually to guide the tourists and new visitors.

Taxi services are available as well that can take you to the Mount Damavand.


How Long does it Take to Climb Damavand?

Mount Damavand, which is nestled right in the heart of the country Iran, is waiting for all the mountain lovers and climbers.

Generally, consider 3 to 5 days to reach the summit of Mount Damavand, though it can be reached within two days too, it is not much advised if you have not done it before.

The trekking will not be challenging, but the altitudes’ gain should not be underestimated as the air gets thinner the upper you climb.

If you want to enjoy every minute of your trekking and the beautiful scene, then it is better to keep and add more days for your trek.

Do visit the Abe Garm Larijan, which is very close by in the Lar Valley Village.


What Gear Do You Need to Climb Mountains in Iran?

For the trekking and climbing of Mount Damavand, it is advised to carry the following Gear and equipment.

1)Earplugs to block the way for the undesirable noises.

2) Strong and comfortable trekking shoes or more large boots.

3)Pants and warm clothes, including jackets.

4) A backpack, but consider not making it heavy as it will be difficult for you to carry it along as you climb higher and higher.

5) A stick which can assist in the trekking, a pole will do too.

6) Gloves to keep your hands warm.

7)  Sunscreen and sunglasses not to be forgotten.

8) The main thing to carry it and don’t forget. A personal small first aid kit.

9) A lamp for the head.

There will be some gears that are provided by the tour operators. Don’t have to carry the following equipment with you.

  • Sleeping bags
  • Mattresses and tents
  • Cooking essentials and gears
  • The tour operators will provide utensils
  • Food and drink

In summers, if you are visiting the mountain for trekking, then there is no need to carry the gears such as the crampon, ice ax, harness, and rope as it will be of no use.

How to Buy or Rent Climbing Gears in Iran?

If you consider not carrying your equipment and gears, then you have nothing to worry about.

There are places in Iran that provide you the equipment for rental purposes, and you can get the equipment from there for a cheap amount.

You can ask your tour guide to guide you towards the rental shops, or if you planned to purchase your equipment from Iran, then visit the respective stores and buy your gears.

It is not expensive, and it will be affordable for all Iran climbing lovers.

Climb Mountains in Iran

Who are the Famous Iranian Mountain Climbers?

Azim Gheychisaz is one of the famous Iranian Mountain climbers. Born in the year 1981 in the Tabriz province, he is a renowned climber and a member of the Iranian national mountaineering team.

By the year 2017, he completed the ascent to all the 14 peaks and did it without Hi-porters and supplementary oxygen.

He is the first Iranian climber that has completed the ascent of all the 14 peaks of the world’s 8000 m and joined the 8000 clubs.


Azim Gheychisaz


Parvaneh Kazem is another Iranian who is a famous climber—born in 1970 in Iran, Tehran.

She conquered the Mount Everest after 45 attempts.

She never gave up and continued to fulfill her dream, and after 45 days, she successfully managed to stand on the Mount Everest peak, which has 8,848-meter height.

She is the first Iranian lady who was able to climb in Everest’s summit in 2012.

After completing the Climb to Everest, she conquered the Mount Lhotse, just after seven days and 1 hour from her first success.

Parvaneh Kazem


Leila Esfandiari was born in the year 1970 in February in Karaj city in Iran.

She was the first Iranian lady who could scale the Nanga Parbat in the great Himalayas, which is the world’s 9th highest peak and has an altitude of 8,125 m and is considered one of the deadliest.

As a pioneer, Leila Esfandyari is regarded in the mountain climbing movement in the women’s division.

Her official profession was microbiology, and she left the job to climb mountains.

In 2011, when she completed the ascent to the Gasherbrum II, a high peak in the Karakoram range located in the Himalayas while coming down, suddenly, her foot slipped. She fell 300 meters down from the mountain.

Once, she said that “If one day I fall, let me be there wherever I am.” According to her will and wishes, her body rests in the icy heights of the mountain range of the Himalayas.


Leila Esfandiari

Aidin Bozorgi

Aidin Bozorgi was born in 1989 in the province of Tehran and was an Iranian climber.

He started a mountaineering career just at the age of 13. When he was 15 years old, he climbed mount Damavand and showed how talented he was rising.

He disappeared on 20th July 2013 at Broad peak in the country of Pakistan.


Aidin Bozorgi

What are the Best Mountain Climbing Tours?

Iran has many suitable mountain climbing tours that can help you out with the tours you plan.

Some of the climbing tours that are good at their task are the Zanditours, IranCozy Tours, Bahman Zagros Mountain Tours, Zagros Nomads Trekking, Iran Climbing Guide, Alamut Trip, Gate of Alamut, Cheetah Adventures, Alibabatrek, Alborztrek, and many more.

This was a thorough and complete description of the mountains located in Iran. We hope we the next time you plan a visit to Iran; you have a picture in your mind that which mountain you want to go climbing, what gears you need to carry with you. Well, if you’re going to travel light and rent gears from here, it is a better option for you.

Trekking and mountain climbing in Iran’s beautiful mountains with great heights and fantastic scenery will leave all its visitors and guests amazed and mesmerized.

Climbing is fun, but being careful and able to be safe and enjoying beauty is not an easy task.


Climbing mountain iran




Are Women Allowed to climb mountains in Iran?

The most frequently asked question is that women are allowed to go hiking and mountain climbing in Iran?
The answer is yes. Women can go mountain climbing, hiking, trekking, and during winters, they are allowed to go skiing.  As seen above, in Iran, we have Iranian climbers. We had women great and famous climbers; climbing is not bound only for men, and women are getting involved in climbing.

Where Should I Buy a Trusted Mountain Climbing Tour in Iran?

To buy Iran mountain climbing tours, take a look at Elcidtours. You will experience the best Iran climbing tours here.

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