The lavish Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of the Qajar era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The Walled Palace, one of the oldest group buildings in Tehran, became the seat of the Qajar family which were kings of Iran from 1779 and made Tehran the capital city. Built around a garden featuring pools as well as planted areas, the Palace’s most characteristic features from the 19th century. It represents a new style incorporating traditional Persian arts and elements of 18th-century architecture mixed with technology.
Golestan Palace located in the historic core of Tehran. The Palace complex originally had been built during the Safavid dynasty in the historic walled city. Following extensions and additions, it received its most features in the 19th century, when the palace complex selected as the royal residence of the Qajar ruling family. At present, the Golestan Palace complex consists of eight fundamental palace structures mostly used as museums and gardens.
Golestan Palace is one of the oldest buildings in Tehran, which was built by Shah Tahmasb, the Safavid king, during the 17th century. Nasserdin Shah completely changed and expanded it. The domes, the vaults, the columns, and the decorations of the ceilings are the imitations of foreign architecture, among which the Diamond Hall is a good sample. Golestan Palace contains Shamsolemareh palace, the government building, Museum Hall, Harem, White Palace, and the Hall of audience.
The museum is a large hall consisting of a middle arch and several corridors with a decorated parlor and big chandeliers hanging from the ceiling. The Mirror Hall was built in the 18th century and painted by mirrors and magnificent paintings from Kamalolmolk. Nasserdin Shah constructed a new palace to store the gifts which had presented to him. It converted to a museum of anthropology in 1968. Nader’s Throne, Mohammad Shah’s golden chair, a geographical globe, Darya Noor pearl (weighing 35grams), and many other precious pieces of jewelry are in Golestan Palace.
The Palace exemplified architectural and artistic achievements of the Qajar era, including the introduction of European styles and Persian arts. Parts of the palace complex presents the origins of the modern Iranian artistic movements.