5 IRAN’s tourist attractions you must see
1. Naghshe- e Jahan Square, Isfahan
The Shah or Naghsh-e Jahan is a public urban square in the center of Isfahan, Iran. It is one of the largest city squares in the world and an outstanding example of Persian and Islamic architecture. Built by the Safavid Shah Abbas I in the early 17th century, the square is bordered by two-story arcades and anchored on each side by four magnificent buildings. To the east, the shaykh Loftfallah Mosque; to the west, the pavilion of Ali Qapi; to the north the entrance of Qeyssariyeh; and to the south, the celebrated Royal Mosque. A homogenous urban ensemble built according to a unique and coherent plan. This UNESCO site was the heart of the Safavid capital’s culture, economy, religion, social power, government, and politics. Its vast sandy boardwalk was used for celebrations and public executions. The arcades on all sides housed hundreds of shops; above the entrance to the big Qeyssariyeh bazaar balcony accommodated musicians giving public concerts. It is excellent that this square is still alive and beautiful to visit. You can visit it during the day, but at night it is mesmerizing as well.
2. Tchogha zanbil
The ruins of the holy city of the kingdom of Elam, surrounded by three massive concentric walls, founded 1250 B.C. The city remained unfinished after it was invaded by Ashurbanipal, as shown by the thousands of unused bricks left at the site. Located in ancient Elam (southwest Iran) was founded by the Elamite king as the religious center of Elam. The principal element of this complex is an enormous ziggurat dedicated to the Elamite divinities INSHUSHINAK and NAPIRISHA. The ziggurat originally measured 105 meters on each side and 53 meters in height, in five levels, and was crowned with a temple. Mudbrick was the primary material of the whole ensemble. The archaeological site of Tchogha Zanbil is an exceptional expression of the culture, beliefs, and ritual traditions of the oldest indigenous people of Iran.
Pasargadae was the first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II the Great, in Pars, the homeland of Persians, in the 6th century B.C. Its palaces, gardens, and the tomb of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid architectures and exceptional testimonies of Persian civilization. Pasargadae was the capital of the first vast multicultural empire in Western Asia. Spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Hindus River, it is considered to be the first empire that respected the cultural diversity of its different people. This was reflected in their architecture, a representation of distinctive cultures. Pasargadae located close to Shiraz.
Founded by Darrius I in 518 B.C., Persepolis was the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It was built on an enormous half-artificial, half-natural terrace, where the king created an impressive palace complex inspired by Mesopotamian models. The royal city of Persepolis ranks among the archaeological sites that have no equivalent in the world.
Persepolis was the seat of the government of their empire and was designed to be a showplace and festival center of the kings of that era. This UNESCO site is close to the city of Shiraz.
Bisotun is located along the ancient trade route linking the Iranian high plateau with Mesopotamia and features remains from the prehistoric times. The principal monument of this archaeological site is the bas-relief and cuneiform inscription ordered by Darrius I, when he rose the throne of the Persian Empire. The sculpture portrays Darrius holding a bow, a sign of dominance, and treading on the chest of a figure who lies on his back before him. According to legend, the figure represents Guamate, the Median Magus, and pretender to the throne, whose assassination led to Darrius’ rise to power. On the sacred mountain of Bisotun in Western Iran is a remarkable multilingual inscription carved on a limestone cliff about 60 meters above the plain. Bisotun is an outstanding testimony to the important interchange of human values on the development of monumental art and writing.